Development of a liquid cooling system for stationary electronic computer systems and control units
Ph.D. J.S. Inoyatkhodzhaev
Objects of research:
Heat generating elements of stationary electronic computer systems and control units, such as processors (CPU, graphics processor), controllers, mospets, north and south bridges, memory blocks.
Relevance of the topic:
Information technologies play a key role in solving various problems. The result of application of modern information technologies is the increase of speeds and capacities of production processes, their complex mechanization and automation, remote production management. Currently in Uzbekistan, used in various areas of electronic computing systems and control units are mainly imported and are expensive. Since overheating during operation is the main problem, it entails the replacement of damaged equipment and devices with new ones. Proceeding from these considerations, we believe that solving this problem is topical by developing an effective cooling system. As a result, the service life will last, the energy consumption will decrease, the need to replace the damaged equipment and devices with new, expensive ones is avoided.
The goal of this project is to develop a high-efficient and energy-saving cooling system for stationary electronic computer systems and control units, which allows reducing the cost of the system being developed by simplifying the design, as well as increasing their productivity. Results of work: For the current period, the requirements for the cooling system of stationary electronic computer systems and control units have been analyzed. The characteristics of heat-releasing elements of stationary electronic computer systems and control units are studied. The study of speed, noise emission, power consumption and response to external influences was performed using a traditional air cooling system in stationary electronic computer systems and control units. A 3D model of the system was developed and analyzed. A model of the system was developed and tested in real educational and production conditions.
The developed cooling system is designed for installation and use on personal computers, high-performance computing servers, graphic stations, control units for production machines operated in data centers, research and development centers, machine building (including in UAB “GM Uzbekistan” , as well as enterprises of the automotive industry) and instrumental production of enterprise enterprises.
Information technologies play a key role in solving various problems. The result of application of modern information technologies is the increase of speeds and capacities of production processes, their complex mechanization and automation, remote production management. As is known, information technologies have a wide range of applications in the sphere of economy, industry, production, health, education and science, defense industry, communications, etc. The most important component of information technologies used in the above areas are electronic computing systems and devices, which include the following elements:
– High-performance servers;
– Workstations and computers;
– electronic control units.
In operation, electronic computing systems and devices are subject to stress. As an example, electronic data center computing systems (DCs) can be considered. As is known the data processing center, being a specialized premise with the information, telecommunication and engineering
infrastructure, connected to communication channels, is intended for the storage and processing of information, as well as providing and / or maintaining the provision of a set of services in the established segment of the network. During the operation of the data center, the servers installed in the data center as a result of processing a large number of client machine requests,
processing a large amount of data, performing engineering and technical calculations and calculations, parallel calculations and calculations, and
etc., are subject to a certain load. Another no less striking example is the high-performance servers and graphic stations used in engineering
industry for design, engineering analysis and production of parts, aggregates, mechanisms, units and systems. They are also subject to a certain load as a result of solving various problems of design, engineering analysis and production. This kind of load, when using a traditional cooling system, entails overheating of these computing devices and systems. The most common cooling system is the air cooling system. Air cooling is still the most popular way to deal with temperature surpluses. The essence of this method is reduced to the organization of the correct air flow – hot air must be effectively removed from the system. In the air cooling system, air stagnation or hot air migration from one component to another can occur, which means that the cooling system is converted into a heating system. The disadvantages of this system are:
excessive noise in the system;
Modest, in comparison with other active systems, performance indicators;
a small potential to cover the ever-increasing demand for cooling.
Practice shows that the most common cause of overheating is the failure of the cooling system due to dust clogging, lack of air and other climatic conditions.
In connection with the foregoing, we consider it topical to solve this problem by developing an effective cooling system. As a result, the service life will last, the energy consumption will decrease, the need to replace the damaged equipment and devices with new, expensive ones is avoided.